The newest conclusion statistics of your own husband’s and you will wife’s socioeconomic functions, relationships costs, and you can wife’s empowerment was demonstrated from inside the Dining table 1

The newest conclusion statistics of your own husband’s and you will wife’s socioeconomic functions, relationships costs, and you can wife’s empowerment was demonstrated from inside the Dining table 1

step 3.2 Marriage practices

Column (1) records the data toward full attempt, and you may column (2) reports all of them with the subsample, i.elizabeth., spouses who’ve a minumum of one sis and one sis. The newest sumple is actually reported due to the fact probably the most less-mode quote with a set of wedding expenditures paid back towards wife’s sisters and you can brothers by the the respective in-legislation can simply be presented towards the subsample. The typical ages of husbands are forty.6 many years. Husbands, typically, done primary studies (five years), and you will 56% ones is actually literate. An average age of wives is thirty five.8 age. Spouses, on average, don’t done primee house be the cause of twenty-seven% regarding overall domiciles interviewed. The average size of farming land for each home was step 3.24 miles, having nearly forty% off property are landless. Footnote eleven For 39% of the spouses, the beginning community matches compared to their husbands, 66% of them is actually married so you’re able to a cousin, and 17% try partnered within the watta satta (bride to be replace, or actually, “give–take”). Footnote twelve All these try unique options that come with marriage during the Punjab, Pakistan. On the other hand, the new northwestern element of Asia, and Indian Punjab, might have been typically recognized for hypergamy, which wives is actually y contrasts which have endogamy and you will cousin y as the two group planning watta satta usually do not technically observe hypergamy in the exact same go out, and are usually probably is throughout the exact same societal group and you may monetary updates. Wife’s natal family’s household earnings during relationship is PKR 171,695 Footnote 13 typically. It actually was replied retrospectively of the wife and that’s, therefore, almost certainly susceptible to recall errors similar to the ones that are throughout the quantity of individual dowry or other relationship costs, regardless of if earnings tends to be more comfortable for respondents to help you bear in mind weighed against a personal dowry including certain things. We adopted similar jobs to reduce questionnaire bear in mind errors.

Desk step 1 Conclusion statistics

The initial an element of the survey requires husbands about their ount. Because dowry is famous to help you integrate individuals products that permit a young pair first off their married life after matrimony, we inquired about the worth of for every single items inside dowry. The genuine real question is “Basically, in your community, to own a family particularly yours, what is the approximate worth of for every single items provided as dowry during the time of the new daughter’s matrimony?” We clearly inquired about dowry since the present in its people, or jati (= sub-caste), since we are in search of the technique of dowry https://kissbrides.com/chinese-women/suzhou/ itself once the really because personal amount of dowry its mothers repaid. The answer to practical question in the dowry locally are planning to convey real information regarding dowry techniques. The answer you’ll report exactly how much they might pay for each item if they’re currently in the process of providing an effective dowry to their child. Regardless, the solution tends to provide more direct steps towards the itemized value of dowry. Presumably, remembering each goods of their private dowries regarding ten years ago would be hard. The second part of the survey requires spouses about their individual dowries or any other relationships expenses, we.elizabeth., “Simply how much dowry (bride to be speed) performed your mother and father (in-laws) promote at the time of the ounts are used on the fundamental empirical data. The fresh new correlation coefficient between your individual dowry matter and society-mainly based dowry matter are 0.65 (Fig. 3). The city-oriented dowry amount is higher than the non-public dowry amount paid because of the wives’ mothers, that’s not surprising because of the so-called increasing development from the real number of dowry.